KOREAN TERMINOLOGY

 

COURTESY AND ETIQUETTE                             

Hello ...........................................................An’nyong Ha Sip Ni Ka Thank You ................................................. Kahm Sa Ham Ni Da You’re Welcome......................................... Chun Mhan Eh Yo Go in peace (Good Bye) ......................................An’nyong Hi Kye Sip Sio

 

GENERAL TERMINOLOGY                             

Name of the art we study ..........................................Soo Bahk Do Hand .............................................................................Soo            Strike ............................................................................Bahk            Way ...............................................................................Do               Name of the Organisation or style ..........................  Moo Duk Kwan Martial (prevent, avoid, conflict) ............................... Moo           Virtue ............................................................................ Duk         School ............................................................................Kwan         Term of respect ............................................................ Nim

(Similar to ‘Sir,’ ‘Ma'am,’ or ‘Honourable’)
Grandmaster, head of Moo Duk Kwan® ................. Kwan Jang Nim

Certified Instructor (4th Dan and up)........................ Sa Bom Nim

(Reserved for Certified Instructors)
Certified Instructor (2nd Dan and higher)................ Kyo Sa Nim

(Reserved for Certified Instructors)
Senior member ............................................................Sun Bae Nim Junior member ............................................................ Hu Bae Degree........................................................................... Dan

(Holder of midnight blue belt)
Grade .............................................................................Gup

(Holder of colour belt under midnight blue)
Senior Dan holder (4th Dan and up) ......................... Ko Dan Ja   Dan holder (1st Dan through 3rd Dan) ..................... Yu Dan Ja   Dan number ..................................................................Dan Bon    Gup holder ................................................................. . Yu Gup Ja Student member ...........................................................Kwan Won Beginner .........................................................................Cho Bo Ja Training hall (studio) .................................................... Do Jang Training suit (uniform) ..................................................Do Bok       Belt ................................................................................Dee    National flag ................................................................. Kuk Gi

Flag of a style or school of Soo Bahk Do® ................Kwan Gi  (Such as Moo Duk Kwan® Gi)

Basic ...............................................................................Ki Cho     Form ...................................................................... ....... Hyung Sparring ........................................................................ Dae Ryun  Self-defence .................................................................Ho Sin Sool

Hand techniques ................................................. ........Soo Gi       Foot techniques ............................................................Jok Gi

Block............................................................................... Mahk Kee Attack............................................................................. Kong Kyuk Kick .................................................................................Cha Gi

Low Part .........................................................................Ha Dan Middle Part ................................................................... Choong Dan High Part.........................................................................Sang Dan

Front .............................................................................. Ahp           Side ................................................................................ Yup           Back ............................................................................... Dwi

Right Side ...................................................................... O Rin Jok   Left Side ........................................................................ Wen Jok

Yell ...................................................................................Ki Hap Balance .......................................................................... Choong Shim

Focus of eyes or direction of line of sight....................Shi Sun Internal power or control in exercise ..........................Neh Gung External power or control in exercise .........................Weh Gung Mental power or control in exercise ...........................Shim Gung

                            BASIC STANCE (KI CHO JASEH)

Ready stance ..........................................................Jhoon Bee Jaseh Front stance ...........................................................Chun Gul Jaseh Back stance ........................................................... Hu Gul Jaseh Horse stance ..........................................................Kee Ma Jaseh  Side stance ........................................................... Sa Ko Rip Jaseh Cross-legged stance ............................................. Kyo Cha Rip Jaseh

                               COMMANDS IN TRAINING

Attention ................................................................... Cha Ryut      Bow .............................................................................Kyung Reh ..................................................................(Reh is pronounced “Nyeh”) Ready ......................................................................... Jhoon Bee Begin............................................................................Si Jak       Return ........................................................................ Ba Ro         Relax (rest) ..................................................................Shio             Turn .............................................................................Tora              Turn to rear ................................................................. Dwi Ro Tora Ready for kicking ........................................    ..Bal Cha Gi Jhoon Bee Count ...........................................................................Ku Ryung By the count .................................................... Ku Ryung Eh Mat Cho So Without count ..........................................................Ku Ryung Up Shi Intermediate position .......................................... Choong Gan Jaseh Again or repeat ..........................................................Dasi Movement................................................................... Jin         Forward movement....................................................Chun Jin Sideways movement ................................................ Wheng Jin                                                                      (Wheng is pronounced “Hweng”) Backward movement .......................................................Hu Jin Movement with opposite hand and foot forward ........Yuk Jin

             COMMANDS IN STARTING AND ENDING CLASS

Attention .............................................................. Cha Ryut         Salute to flag ........................................................ Kuk Gi Eh Bae Reh Return ................................................................... Ba Ro                     Sit (please) ............................................................ An Ju Sip Shio Meditation.......................................................... ....Muk Nyum Return ................................................................... Ba Ro               Bow to certified Master instructor ..... Sa Bom Nim Keh Kyung Ret Bow to (certified) instructor .................. Kyo Sa Nim Keh Kyung Ret Bow to senior member(s).....................Sun Bae Nim Keh Kyung Ret Bow to partner (each other) ............... Sahng Ho Kan Eh Kyung Ret Bow to Judge or Examiner........ Shim Sa Kwan Nim Keh Kyung Ret Bow to the Grandmaster ............... Kwan Jang Nim Keh Kyung Ret ...................................................................(Ret is pronounced “Nyet”)

NUMBERS (BON) Korean

One .......................... Ha Na Two ........................... Dool Three ........................ Set Four ...........................Net Five......................... Da Sot Six .......................... Yuh Sot Seven ..................... Il Gop Eight ...................... Yo Dull Nine ..................... Ah Hope Ten............................ Yohl

Sino-Korean

First ........................... Il Second ............... ...... E Third........................... Sam Fourth .................... ... Sa Fifth ....................... .....O Sixth ............................Yuk Seventh .......................Chil Eighth ......................... Pahl Ninth............................Gu Tenth .......................... Sip Twenty .........................E Sip Thirty........................ Sam Sip Forty ........................ Sa Sip Fifty .......................... O Sip Sixty ......................... Yuk Sip Seventy..................... Chil Sip Eighty ....................... Pahl Sip Ninety....................... Gu Sip One Hundred .......... Baek

          OTHER TERMS

Balance ................................................................................... Pyung Security, Confidence............................................................... Ahn Seven ....................................................................................... Chil Star............................................................................................ Sung Hwan Kap ........................................................Return – Armor, Fist

                    HAND TECHNIQUES (SOO GI) Defensive

(The addition of the term “Tuel Oh” indicates twisting)

A)  Closed fist - Front stance
Low block, front stance ......................................... Ha Dan Mahk Kee High block, front stance......................................Sang Dan Mahk Kee Inside/outside block .............................. Ahneso Pahkuro Mahk Kee Outside/inside block .............................. Pahkeso Ahnuro Mahk Kee Two fist middle block...........................................Chun Gul Ssang Soo

.....................................................................Ahneso Pahkuro Mahk Kee Two fist low block (X block)..................Ssang Soo Ha Dan Mahk Kee

B)  Closed fist - Back stance
Low block .................................................... Hu Gul Ha Dan Mahk Kee High block ............................................... Hu Gul Sang Dan Mahk Kee Middle block................................ Hu Gul Ahneso Pahkuro Mahk Kee Outside/inside block (wrist)....... Hu Gul Pahkeso Ahnuro Mahk Kee Two fist middle block................................................Hu Gul Ssang Soo

.................................................................... Ahneso Pahkuro Mahk Kee Two fist low block......................Hu Gul Ssang Soo Ha Dan Mahk Kee

C)  Open hand - Front stance
Two hand high block (X block) ......... Ssang Soo Sang Dan Mahk Kee

D)  Open hand - Back stance
Outside/inside block, heel of palm........................ Hu Gul Jang Kwon

.................................................................... Pahkeso Ahnuro Mahk Kee Ground block with knife hand ..........Choi Ha Dan Soo Do Mahk Kee Low knife hand block .................... Hu Gul Ha Dan Soo Do Mahk Kee High knife hand block ............... Hu Gul Sang Dan Soo Do Mahk Kee Middle knife hand block ..................................... Hu Gul Choong Dan ................................................................................ Soo Do Mahk Kee

E)  Open hand - Cross-legged stance
Foot Holding defence .......................................... Bal Ja Ba Mahk Kee

(Palm heels together)

Offensive

(The addition of the term “Tuel Oh” indicates twisting)

A) Closed fist - Forward stance
Middle punch ................................................. Choong Dan Kong Kyuk High punch .......................................................... Sang Dan Kong Kyuk

B)  Closed fist - Horse stance
Side punch ........................................................ Hweng Jin Kong Kyuk

C)  Closed fist - Back stance
Reverse punch................................................... Yuk Jin Kong Kyuk

D)  Fist, Horse Stance
Punching Exercise ....................................................Pal Put Ki

E)  Open hand - Front stance
Spear hand attack..............................................Kwan Soo Kong Kyuk Knife hand attack.............................................. Soo Do Kong Kyuk Reverse knife hand attack ................................Yuk Soo Do Kong Kyuk

F)  Open hand, Back stance
Knife hand attack.........................................Hu Gul Soo Do Kong Kyuk

G)  Other hand techniques
Plier hand, web of thumb..................................Jip Kye Son           Palm heel ........................................................... Jang Kwon           Upper wrist ......................................................... Sohn Mok Deung Inner or outer side of wrist................................Pal Mok

                             Other hand attacks (Kong Kyuk)

Forefist.........................................................................Chung Kwon Backfist............................................................................Cap Kwon Knuckle spear hand................................................... Ban Jul Kwan Soo

(All four second knuckles)
Soft fist ........................................................................ Yoo Kwon

(Using second knuckles of first and second fingers)
Hammer fist .................................................................Kwon Do       One finger spear hand ............................................... Il Ji Kwan Soo Two finger spear hand ............................................... E Ji Kwan Soo One finger fist .............................................................. Il Ji Kwon

(Using middle knuckle or forefinger knuckle)

                                           Elbow attack

(The addition of the term “Tuel Oh” indicates twisting)

Front stance, elbow attack ..... Chun Gul Jaseh Pal Koop Kong Kyuk   Side stance, elbow attack ........ Sa Ko Rip Jaseh Pal Koop Kong Kyuk

Are you teaching or training in Tang Soo Do or Taekwondo and wish to explore your Moo Duk Kwan heritage?...Make contact here and carry on Hwang Kee's Moo Duk Kwan legacy.

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